Vaccinating Your New DogRelated articles
Diseases for which most dogs should be vaccinated:
Diseases for which some dogs should be vaccinated:
We used to think vaccinating was like praying—the more the better, but now we know this is not true. Veterinarians suspect the following can be caused by over vaccination: allergies, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune-mediated thrombocytopenia, immune suppression, epilepsy, hypertrophic osteodystrophy, loss of the ability to smell (anosmia), and hypothyroidism. Dogs already suffering from allergies have increased allergic response to allergens after being vaccinated, which may make their allergies worse. For these reasons, it is in your dog’s best interest to receive a limited number of vaccines.
The immune system over-reacting causes pet adopting
Titer TestsAlways work with your veterinarian to choose the best vaccination schedule for your new dog. Your veterinarian may recommend titer tests to help determine which vaccines are needed. While titer tests are useful, they are not a definitive measure of protection:
Core Vaccines: rabies, distemper, parvo, and adenovirus
Distemperinfects the lungs and may infect the brain. Not all dogs exposed to distemper become ill, but among those that do, some will die. Vaccines against distemper or natural infections with distemper protect dogs for many years. Have your veterinarian test your dog’s blood to see if it has protective levels of antibodies to distemper. If so, your new dog may not need a distemper vaccine.
Parvoinfects the intestines and causes vomiting and diarrhea. Some dogs exposed to parvo do not become ill, but some of the dogs that do become ill will die. Vaccines against parvo or natural infections with parvo protect dogs for many years. Have your veterinarian test your dog’s blood to see if it has protective levels of antibodies to parvo. If so, your new dog may not need a parvo vaccine.
Adenoviruscauses two diseases: Adenovirus type 1 causes potentially serious liver disease (hepatitis) and Adenovirus type 2 causes mild respiratory disease. Vaccination with Type 2 provides protection against both type 1 and type 2 infection. Also, vaccination with type 1 does not cause “blue eye,” which is fluid in the cornea of the eye that makes the eye appear blue-grey. Vaccination with type 2 adenovirus can cause “blue eye.” Not all dogs that are infected with canine hepatitis become ill, but some of the dogs that do become ill can be very sick and some may die. Have your veterinarian test your dog’s blood to see if it has protective levels of antibodies to adenovirus. If so, your new dog may not need a vaccine.
Noncore Vaccines: bordetella, parainfluenza, corona, leptospirosis and lyme disease.
When deciding to vaccinate for noncore diseases, consider whether your dog will be exposed to these diseases. If not, don’t use them. Also consider whether your dog is predisposed to develop allergies, immune problems, or endocrine diseases, all of which may be stimulated by over vaccinating.
There is sufficient information on dog breeds that we can identify those breeds likely to have allergies, immune, and endocrine problems. One source of this information is the “predisposed” breed list that accompanies diseases covered at www.PetHealth101.com. Veterinarians and breeders are also sources of this information. Knowing whether your dog’s breed is predisposed to the problems caused by vaccines, makes it possible to better evaluate the wisdom of using noncore vaccines.
Bordetella, parainfluenzaBordetella, parainfluenza, and several other organisms work together to cause kennel cough. Kennel cough is spread by coughing and by respiratory secretions of infected dogs. Humane Societies, animal shelters, boarding facilities, and doggy daycares are places that your pet may be exposed to kennel cough. If your pet will not visit these places, the vaccine may not be necessary.
Coronacauses mild vomiting, diarrhea, and anorexia in most dogs. If a dog is unhealthy or if it will be exposed to multiple diseases at once—including corona virus—this vaccine may be helpful.
Leptospirosis(lepto) causes kidney and liver disease in dogs. Some dogs will be infected and will not have symptoms, others will become quite ill. Lepto is a zoonotic disease that can be spread from animals to people. Unfortunately, there are over 200 types (serovars) of lepto and vaccinating for one type will not protect against any of the other types. Current lepto vaccines protect for up to 4 types.
Lepto vaccines are more likely than any other vaccine to make your dog ill, so clearly evaluate whether your new dog will need the vaccine. Dogs are not exposed to lepto unless they contact urine of infected animals. Exposure occurs if dogs walk through or swim in water that infected animals have urinated in. If your pet might be in a flood, or might pass through runoff from feedlots or hog barns, it might be exposed. If your pet plays in marshy wildlife areas, it might be exposed.
|This information is for educational purposes only and is intended to be a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise and professional judgment of your veterinarian. The information is NOT to be used for diagnosis or treatment of your pet. You should always consult your own veterinarian for specific advice concerning the treatment of your pet.
The information about medications is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, allergic reactions, drug interactions or adverse effects, nor should it be construed to indicate that use of a particular drug is safe, appropriate or effective for your pet. It is not a substitute for a veterinary exam, and it does not replace the need for services provided by your veterinarian.
Note: Any trademarks are the property of their respective companies